The Hydrangea Flower, its Meanings & Symbolism
What Does the Hydrangea Flower Mean?
The vigorously growing Hydrangea shrub symbolizes diverse meanings including:
- Heartfelt and honest emotions of any kind
- Gratitude and thanksgiving to someone else
- Developing a deeper understanding between two people
- Heartlessness and acting without thinking about the feelings of another
- Frigidity and disinterest in a romantic proposal
- Boasting and bragging about false accomplishments
- Abundance and prosperity
- Grace and beauty, sometimes taken to an extreme of vanity and narcissism
- the 4th wedding anniversary for a couple
With such mixed meanings behind one flower, it is important to pair Hydrangeas with other flowers to make sure you get the right meaning across.
Etymological Meaning of the Hydrangea Flower
About 75 different flowering shrubs share the botanical name of Hydrangea. This group is named from the Greek words for water, hydros, and jar or jug, angos. Despite the name, the cone or ball shaped bursts of blossoms do not hold water but rather require a lot of moisture as they are developing. The flower was first discovered and cultivated in Japan, but it spread across Asia for hundreds of years before coming to Europe and North America.
Symbolism of the Hydrangea Flower
In Japan, the flower has a historical tradition behind it linked to apologies and gratitude. An emperor supposedly gave Hydrangeas to a maiden he loved as an apology for neglecting her when other business took up all his attention. Contemporary florists in Japan use it to represent genuine emotions and love because the pink blossoms in particular resemble a beating heat. The Victorians were not as fond of the Hydrangea and considered it a mostly negative plant. The flowers were sent to declare someone a boaster or braggart, or to chastise someone for their frigidity in turning down a claim of romantic love. It also means frigidity because of the Medieval belief that young women who grew or picked Hydrangeas would never find a husband. Modern Western florists often use the flowers in wedding bouquets and apology arrangements to tie in with their graceful and abundant meanings.
Hydrangea Flower Color Meanings
Most Hydrangeas grow in a single color per plant, but the Bigleaf Hydrangea changes color from pink to blue based on soil pH. Common color meaning associations include:
- Pink – Linked to romance, heartfelt emotions, love, weddings, and marriage.
- Blue – Connected to frigidity, turning down a romantic proposal, asking for forgiveness, and expressing regret.
- White – Known as a symbol of purity, grace, abundance, and bragging or boasting.
- Purple – Used to indicate a desire for a deeper understanding of someone else or to symbolize abundance and wealth.
Meaningful Botanical Characteristics of the Hydrangea Flower
Hydrangeas all contain some amount of cyanide in their leaves and flowers, making most of them unsafe for use as tea or medicine. They are primarily grown as landscaping and floral arrangement plants. However, the Hydrangea serrata is used to make a sweet tea that Buddhists use as a cleansing ritual wash for statues of the Buddha each year.
Special Occasions for the Hydrangea Flowers
Try giving the gift of Hydrangeas for:
- Weddings, engagements, and other unifying ceremonies
- Sending a message of “No thanks” to a suitor
- Asking someone for forgiveness and reconciliation
- Celebrating your 4th wedding anniversary
The Hydrangea Flower’s Message Is…
Being a rare beauty can lead to frigidness unless you express your true emotions. Don’t inflate your ego with bragging, and stay humble to become prosperous.