Etymological Meaning of the Gladiolus Flower
Gladiolus is both the scientific and common name for these flowers. They are sometimes referred to a sword flowers or sword lilies due to the sword-like shape of both the foliage and the flower spike. The flower spire is said to pierce the heart of the recipient with love.
The ancient name for gladiolus was xiphium from the Greek word xiphos, meaning sword. Its name was later changed to gladiolus, which comes from the Latin word gladius, which also means sword.
Symbolism of the Gladiolus Flower
Gladioli were considered the flower of the gladiators and have long been associated with swords. These stately flowers are used in floral displays at special celebrations and are a favorite in country gardens. They are considered old-fashioned flowers, as early American women often planted these flowers at the backs of their flower gardens to create a colorful backdrop to the flowerbed. They were also commonly planted along fences or the foundation of the home, as the tall spires need support to keep them upright.
The Gladiolus Flower Facts
The genus gladiolus includes 260 species with 10,000 registered cultivars that come in the colors of the rainbow. Individual blooms may be a solid color or bi-colors and run the gamut of shades of pink, red, purple, yellow, orange, white and even green.
Most gladioli originated in Africa and Asia and were not known in Europe until between 1739 and 1745 when they were introduced by travelers following the Indian Trade Route. European botanists and hobbyist soon began to grow and breed gladiolus flowers. By 1806, William Herbert produced the first hybrid. By 1840 and 1850, hundreds of varieties of gladiolus had been bred.
The plural of gladiolus is either gladioli or gladioluses, depending on regional preferences for the term. Modern gladiolus flowers are affectionately referred to as glads. Whether it is a shortening of their name or an expression of how these flowers make you feel is up for interpretation.
Some believe that biblical references to the lilies of the field refer to gladiolus, which grew wild in the region.