The Dogwood Flower: Its Meanings & Symbolism
What Does the Dogwood Flower Mean?
None of the Dogwood species currently growing are native to the Middle East where Christianity first developed. However, the same symbolism is generally applied to all types of Dogwoods regardless of native status. This tree means:
- Rebirth and resurrection, particularly through the story of Jesus Christ
- Christianity as a whole
- Pity and regret over a specific decision or a situation that was beyond your control
- Durability and reliability
- Strength and resilience
- Purity, especially in a religious or spiritual sense
- A signal of affection to someone who may not reciprocate it
Many cultures have interacted with tree for medicine or woodworking, yet there is relatively little symbolism related to this tree except for the Christian lore regarding it.
Etymological Meaning of the Dogwood Flower
All Dogwood trees fall into the Cornus genus. Most people use the common name for the Flowering Dogwood, or Cornus florida, that is native to North America. This variety has been bred extensively by gardeners to develop different flower colors. The European version was originally called a whipple-tree, which evolved into dog-tree and eventually Dogwood. There’s no conclusive link between the name and anything to do with dogs, but some language experts claim the name comes from a misspelling of dagwood. Dags are sharpened bits of wood used as darts, arrow shafts, or skewers, and the wood of the Dogwood tree is ideal for this purpose.
Symbolism of the Dogwood Flower
The Dogwood is primarily a symbol of Christianity. Outside of that tradition, it is not considered a birth flower or used for arrangements. The Victorians did ascribe an extra meaning to the flower because the story tying the tree to the Crucifixion wasn’t written yet. A bachelor would offer a Dogwood flower sprig to a woman he felt affection towards and waited for a response. If the flower was returned, he was out of luck. A woman keeping the flower signaled an interest or mutual attraction. The flower was also a symbol of reliability and durability during that era due to the strength of the wood.
Dogwood Flower Color Meanings
Most Dogwood flowers are pure white with rusty red spots around the edges of all four petals. The white color is considered a symbol of purity in Western culture, although it is the color of death in many Eastern cultures instead. Christian sources claim the rusty spots on the petals are the marks of the Crucifixion because they resemble blood. Pink and dark red Dogwood varieties are also available that carry more love and passion symbolism, especially in the Victorian tradition of signaling love with the gift of a bloom from this tree.
Meaningful Botanical Characteristics of the Dogwood Flower
Dogwood trees were once used as a tobacco additive by some Native Americans, as well as a water treatment to stun fish for easier harvesting in Jamaica. The Jamaican Dogwood also has limited usefulness as a medicinal treatment for migraines and blood pressure conditions. American and Asian varieties don’t offer the same medicinal benefits and more safety hazards, so check the variety of Dogwood before buying an herbal supplement.
Special Occasions for the Dogwood Flowers
Dogwood flowers are perfect for:
- Recognizing a religious milestone like First Communion, Baptism, or Confirmation
- Celebrating Easter and other Christian holidays
- Teaching children about the Crucifixion
- Offering your condolences to a family after a death
- Giving to someone that might not return your feelings, especially in cases where roses and other love flowers are too direct
The Dogwood Flower’s Message Is…
After all, I don’t see why I am always asking for private, individual, selfish miracles when every year there are miracles like white dogwood. – Anne Morrow Lindbergh